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  • Fostering Knowledge, Increasing Confidence, Enhancing Careers

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  • Child Exploitation Investigation


This course trains law enforcement professionals to properly understand, recognize, investigate, and resolve child sexual exploitation. In our 16 hour (2 day) course, the student will learn various ways a child predator solicits and accomplishes his/her sexual satisfaction. Students will be able to gain enough expertise to obtain search warrants and learn how to execute them. Students will learn the principles of the Child Predator as compared to child molest.

The target audience for this course is (but is not limited to), in-service law enforcement personnel (patrol officers, investigators, and first line supervisors).

Seminar Highlights

  • Child Pornography
  • Child Predators
  • Human Trafficking
  • Investigative Guidelines
  • Legal Aspects

Course Outline

Day One


Introduction & Course Objectives

Chicken Hawk (NAMBLA)

  • History/Background
  • History of International and Local cases


  • Child Molester
  • Child Predator
  • Myso-Pedophile

What is a Child Predator Investigation?

Multiple Victims – crimes occurring within or connected to Institutional


  • Premeditation or use of seduction techniques
  • Multiple Suspects
  • Pornography involved
  • Motivation
  • Prostitution
  • Pornography/Child Exploitation
  • Bestiality
  • Snuff
  • Child Pornography
  • Morphed Pornography
  • Child Erotica

Case law

  • US vs Miller
  • US vs Kurrey
  • US vs Ferber
  • Stogner vs California

US Federal Law

Scenario (Is this a crime?) – Practical with class followed by group discussion

Characteristics of Victim

  • Physically and mentally less developed
  • Curious about sex
  • Defy parents
  • Friendship with Suspect
  • Less credible than suspect

Dynamics of Victimization

  • Crime committed in private place
  • Often no physical or medical evidence
  • Abuse is not an isolated incident
  • Child receives benefit/pleasure
  • Usually no witnesses

Problems with Investigation

  • Children are perfect victims
  • Dynamics of victimization
  • Disclosure Process
  • Interviewing of Children Backlash

Characteristics of a Child Predator Adult male

Developmental Stages of a Child Predator Awareness

  • Fantasy
  • Stalking
  • Molest

Computer Exploitation of Children

  • The Internet
  • What is the Internet?
  • Who polices the Internet?
  • The tool of Child Predators

Cybercops “Internet Investigations of Child Predators online”

Techniques used by Predators online

Investigative Guidelines

  • How to locate additional victims and the evidence
  • Establish the crime
  • Establish the Suspects shows the characteristics
  • Search Warrants
  • Seizure of evidence
  • Location of additional evidence

Pretext Phone Calls – including Interception Laws

  • Definition
  • “Thinking outside of the box”
  • Interception laws – 631 & 633 PC
  • Practical Considerations v. Victim Preparation
  • Discussion of case
  • Problems with recording
  • Presentation at court

Law enforcement – who can help

  • Local Contacts
  • Federal Contacts
  • Local and Federal Training

Human Trafficking

  • Federal Public Service Announcements
  • International cases
  • San Jose cases
  • What is Human trafficking
  • Role of Law enforcement
  • Victims of Human Trafficking
  • Child Victims
  • Identifying the Crime of Human Trafficking

“The 11th Commandment”

Day Two


  • Review of Computer as closed container
  • Electronic Communication Privacy Act
  • Liability Issues regarding contact with Internet Service Providers
  • Administrative Subpoenas
  • Court Orders
  • Search Warrants
  • Remedies

Privacy Protection Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Work Product Doctrine
  • Protected Material
  • Commingled Evidence
  • Remedies

Patriot Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Search Warrant authorization
  • Electronic Evidence
  • Internet Service Provider required disclosures
  • Internet Service Provider voluntary disclosures
  • Remedies

Cable Communication Privacy Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Search warrant issues

Search Warrants

  • Review of Probable Cause
  • Staleness Issues in Child Pornography Search Warrants
  • Training and Experience
  • Most Common Mistakes
  • Drafting Issues/Drafting Hints and Assistance
  • Hypothetical scenarios using case law


  • Consent Basics
  • Consent Computer Specific
  • Private Search Issues

Child Pornography

  • Identification
  • Definition
  • Legal issues regarding identification of real/virtual images
  • Legal issues regarding proof of age
  • Legal issues proving child Erotica
  • Proving clothed children as child pornography
  • Review of California Child Pornography case law

California Statute and Case Review of Child Sexual Exploitation Law and Defenses

  • Child Pornography
  • Harmful Matter over the Internet
  • Solicitation
  • Defenses
  • This was, by far, one of the most useful training classes I've attended since becoming an investigator.

    —Steven Aiello, Antioch Police Department
  • I highly recommend this training for any Probation staff who have the necessity to interview/interrogate individuals for investigation purposes.

    —R. Bret Fidler, Santa Clara County Probation Department
  • Your training has made the greatest and most direct impact on my assignment of any training class that I've taken.

    —Ken Gelskey, National City Police Department
  • Your training gave me the confidence and tools to interview the suspect for over 5 hours and to bring a closure to the case.

    —Daniel Phelan, San Jose Police Department
  • This was, by far and away the best training I have received in 15 plus years of Law Enforcement. The instructors are experienced, engaging, articulate, and very entertaining. I will be recommending this training to multiple agencies.

    —Mark Paynter, Oregon DOC
  • This training by far has been the most informative and most effective I've attended. The instructors engaged the students in a manner that made me want to speak my opinion, ask questions, and participate.

    —Julio Ibarra, Merced County Sheriff’s Office
  • This training provided the useful tools necessary for assessing the veracity of a suspected child abuser, which goes a long way in helping to protect children.

    —Sunny Burgan, MSSW, LCSW, Social Work Supervisor, Santa Clara County DFCS
  • I will continue to use and pass on this information because I really believe in the instructors and their approach.

    —Kimberly Meyer, Washoe County Sheriff's Department
  • It not often that you go to a training that you really, really want to pay attention to. Because of the high quality information and style of presentation, I knew that if I looked away I was going to miss out.

    —Quinten Graves, Oregon State Police
  • Instructional style is engaging and highly effective.

    —George Laing, Fire Prevention Captain, Investigator
  • Effective teaching teams! The presentation of the material was consistently interesting, and intelligent without being too intellectualized.

    —Michele Keller, Deputy Probation Officer, County of Alameda
  • Incredible training with amazing real world instruction. I have been taking law enforcement classes for over 30 years and by far this is the best presented and most useful.

    —Det. Brian Dale, Portland Police Bureau
  • The information presented was highly relevant to my job and was presented in a manner that was organized and very easy to digest.

    —Michael McGarvey, California State Prison, San Quentin