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  • Child Exploitation Investigation


This course trains law enforcement professionals to properly understand, recognize, investigate, and resolve child sexual exploitation. In our 16 hour (2 day) course, the student will learn various ways a child predator solicits and accomplishes his/her sexual satisfaction. Students will be able to gain enough expertise to obtain search warrants and learn how to execute them. Students will learn the principles of the Child Predator as compared to child molest.

The target audience for this course is, but not limited to; in-service law enforcement personnel (patrol officers, investigators, and first line supervisors).

Course Outline

Day One


Introduction & Course Objectives

Chicken Hawk (NAMBLA)

  • History/Background
  • History of International and Local cases


  • Child Molester
  • Child Predator
  • Myso-Pedophile

What is a Child Predator Investigation?

Multiple Victims – crimes occurring within or connected to Institutional


  • Premeditation or use of seduction techniques
  • Multiple Suspects
  • Pornography involved
  • Motivation
  • Prostitution
  • Pornography/Child Exploitation
  • Bestiality
  • Snuff
  • Child Pornography
  • Morphed Pornography
  • Child Erotica

Case law

  • US vs Miller
  • US vs Kurrey
  • US vs Ferber
  • Stogner vs California

US Federal Law

Scenario (Is this a crime?) – Practical with class followed by group discussion

Characteristics of Victim

  • Physically and mentally less developed
  • Curious about sex
  • Defy parents
  • Friendship with Suspect
  • Less credible than suspect

Dynamics of Victimization

  • Crime committed in private place
  • Often no physical or medical evidence
  • Abuse is not an isolated incident
  • Child receives benefit/pleasure
  • Usually no witnesses

Problems with Investigation

  • Children are perfect victims
  • Dynamics of victimization
  • Disclosure Process
  • Interviewing of Children Backlash

Characteristics of a Child Predator Adult male

Developmental Stages of a Child Predator Awareness

  • Fantasy
  • Stalking
  • Molest

Computer Exploitation of Children

  • The Internet
  • What is the Internet?
  • Who polices the Internet?
  • The tool of Child Predators

Cybercops “Internet Investigations of Child Predators online”

Techniques used by Predators online

Investigative Guidelines

  • How to locate additional victims and the evidence
  • Establish the crime
  • Establish the Suspects shows the characteristics
  • Search Warrants
  • Seizure of evidence
  • Location of additional evidence

Pretext Phone Calls – including Interception Laws

  • Definition
  • “Thinking outside of the box”
  • Interception laws – 631 & 633 PC
  • Practical Considerations v. Victim Preparation
  • Discussion of case
  • Problems with recording
  • Presentation at court

Law enforcement – who can help

  • Local Contacts
  • Federal Contacts
  • Local and Federal Training

Human Trafficking

  • Federal Public Service Announcements
  • International cases
  • San Jose cases
  • What is Human trafficking
  • Role of Law enforcement
  • Victims of Human Trafficking
  • Child Victims
  • Identifying the Crime of Human Trafficking

“The 11th Commandment”

Day Two


  • Review of Computer as closed container
  • Electronic Communication Privacy Act
  • Liability Issues regarding contact with Internet Service Providers
  • Administrative Subpoenas
  • Court Orders
  • Search Warrants
  • Remedies

Privacy Protection Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Work Product Doctrine
  • Protected Material
  • Commingled Evidence
  • Remedies

Patriot Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Search Warrant authorization
  • Electronic Evidence
  • Internet Service Provider required disclosures
  • Internet Service Provider voluntary disclosures
  • Remedies

Cable Communication Privacy Act

  • Liability Issues
  • Search warrant issues

Search Warrants

  • Review of Probable Cause
  • Staleness Issues in Child Pornography Search Warrants
  • Training and Experience
  • Most Common Mistakes
  • Drafting Issues/Drafting Hints and Assistance
  • Hypothetical scenarios using case law


  • Consent Basics
  • Consent Computer Specific
  • Private Search Issues

Child Pornography

  • Identification
  • Definition
  • Legal issues regarding identification of real/virtual images
  • Legal issues regarding proof of age
  • Legal issues proving child Erotica
  • Proving clothed children as child pornography
  • Review of California Child Pornography case law

California Statute and Case Review of Child Sexual Exploitation Law and Defenses

  • Child Pornography
  • Harmful Matter over the Internet
  • Solicitation
  • Defenses
  • ...Provides useful tools necessary for assessing the veracity of a suspected child abuser, which goes a long way in helping to protect children.

    —Sunny Burgan, MSSW, LCSW, Social Work Supervisor, Santa Clara County DFCS
  • Thank you for allowing me the opportunity to attend the Interview and Interrogation training presented by Paul Francois and Enrique Garcia.

    —Todd Almason, Santa Clara County District Attorney's Office
  • Your instructional style is engaging and your tag-team style is highly effective.

    —George Laing, Fire Prevention Captain, Investigator
  • I highly recommend this training for any Probation staff who have the necessity to interview/interrogate individuals for investigation purposes.

    —R. Bret Fidler, Santa Clara County Probation Department
  • Your class gave me the confidence and tools to interview the suspect for over 5 hours and to bring a closure to the case.

    —Daniel Phelan, San Jose Police Department
  • The information that they have presented is highly relevant to my job, and was presented in a manner that was highly organized and very easy to digest.

    —Michael McGarvey, California State Prison, San Quentin
  • Your class has made the greatest and most direct impact on my assignment of any training class that I've taken.

    —Ken Gelskey, National City Police Department
  • You two are an effective teaching team, and your presentation of the material was consistently interesting, and intelligent without being too intellectualized.

    —Michele Keller, Deputy Probation Officer, County of Alameda
  • I will continue to use and pass on this information because I really believe in the instructors and their approach.

    —Kimberly Meyer, Washoe County Sheriff's Department
  • This was, by far, one of the most useful classes I've attended since becoming an investigator.

    —Steven Aiello, Antioch Police Department