We use both our own and third-party cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. If you continue to browse, we consider that you accept the use of these.
  • Robbery Investigation


The Student will Understand the crime of robbery (the definition, suspect criminal profiles, etc.). The student will know how to effectively manage robbery cases and will be able to identify robbery crime patterns. The student will learn robbery suspect identification techniques and evidence collection. The student will learn robbery suspect interview and interrogation techniques. The student will learn how to investigate major robbery investigations and how to develop and use resources available as a robbery investigator.

Course Outline

Day One

Robbery Law

  • Legal definitions (robbery defined, robbery
  • Types of Robbery
  • First degree examples
  • Second degree examples
  • Enhancements, defenses, Strike Law etc.
  • Working with the Prosecution

Group exercise/Case Studies


Case Management

  • Chasing Phantoms
  • Identifying cases to work
  • Clearing cases
  • Intelligence gathering and sharing
  • Critical Reach flyers
  • Communicating with other agencies
  • Patrol Briefings (what to say, how to say it)

Interactive scenarios

  • Identifying Robbery Strings
  • What to Analyze
  • Types of businesses
  • Number of suspects
  • Weapons used
  • Physical Description
  • Verbiage used

Golden Rule : Nobody gets caught on their first job!

  • Understanding your case
  • Home Invasion – Dope Rip
  • Business takeover – Inside job
  • When things don’t add up…think like the crook
  • How did the crook know so much?

Day Two

Identifying suspects

  • In-Field Show Ups
  • People V. Harris 15 Cal303 84 (1975)
  • Formal Line-ups
  • U.S. Vs. Wade 388 U.S. 218 221 18
  • Photo Line-Ups
  • How many Photos?
  • People V. Cook 252 Ca 2D 25 (1967)
  • Who can show a photo spread?

Training Schedule/Lesson Plan Robbery Investigations

  • Evidence Collection
  • Fingerprints Vs. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
  • Clothing worn, disguises, gloves, shoes
  • Surveillance videos and still photos
  • Weapons, ammo, GSR tests
  • Demand notes
  • Suspect getaway vehicle processing/impound
  • ETS, 3SI, bait bills, dye packs

Interview and Interrogation

  • Interviewing Victims and Witnesses
  • Cooperative/Uncooperative/Hostile
  • Confidential Informants
  • Interviewing suspects – Miranda issues a. Invocations
  • Aranda-Bruton rule
  • Penalty enhancements d. Custody issues
  • Investigator issues
  • Polygraph
  • Voice stress analyzer
  • Developing themes that work

Major Robbery Investigations

  • Big cases, big problems. Little cases, little problems. No cases, no problems.
  • Robbery stings
  • Using Informants
  • Solving the tough cases

Developing Resources

  • Intelligence gathering
  • Professional Organizations
  • Developing a winning attitude
  • You two are an effective teaching team, and your presentation of the material was consistently interesting, and intelligent without being too intellectualized.

    —Michele Keller, Deputy Probation Officer, County of Alameda
  • Thank you for allowing me the opportunity to attend the Interview and Interrogation training presented by Paul Francois and Enrique Garcia.

    —Todd Almason, Santa Clara County District Attorney's Office
  • The information that they have presented is highly relevant to my job, and was presented in a manner that was highly organized and very easy to digest.

    —Michael McGarvey, California State Prison, San Quentin
  • Your class has made the greatest and most direct impact on my assignment of any training class that I've taken.

    —Ken Gelskey, National City Police Department
  • Your instructional style is engaging and your tag-team style is highly effective.

    —George Laing, Fire Prevention Captain, Investigator
  • I highly recommend this training for any Probation staff who have the necessity to interview/interrogate individuals for investigation purposes.

    —R. Bret Fidler, Santa Clara County Probation Department
  • This was, by far, one of the most useful classes I've attended since becoming an investigator.

    —Steven Aiello, Antioch Police Department
  • Your class gave me the confidence and tools to interview the suspect for over 5 hours and to bring a closure to the case.

    —Daniel Phelan, San Jose Police Department
  • ...Provides useful tools necessary for assessing the veracity of a suspected child abuser, which goes a long way in helping to protect children.

    —Sunny Burgan, MSSW, LCSW, Social Work Supervisor, Santa Clara County DFCS
  • I will continue to use and pass on this information because I really believe in the instructors and their approach.

    —Kimberly Meyer, Washoe County Sheriff's Department